Thursday, July 31, 2008

Department of Defense Releases the National Defense Strategy

"The DoD released the 2008 National Defense Strategy today. The strategy outlines the national approach to the defense of this nation and its interests.

The NDS is issued periodically and the last one was published in March 2005. It outlines how the Department supports the President's National Security Strategy and informs the National Military Strategy and other subordinate strategy documents. The strategy builds on lessons learned and insights from previous operations and strategic reviews such as the 2006 QDR. " National Defense Strategy.pdf

DHS Releases National Emergency Communications Plan

"The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released today the National Emergency Communications Plan (NECP) to address gaps and determine solutions so that emergency response personnel at all levels of government and across all disciplines can communicate as needed, on demand, and as authorized. The NECP is the nation's first strategic plan to improve emergency response communications, and complements overarching homeland security and emergency communications legislation, strategies and initiatives."

The plan is available directly at

and the press release is available at

New DOD Strategic Management reports

DOD has posted 2 new reports related to their new strategic management plan and leadership priorities.
The direct links are below you can go to to access them

2008 DoD Strategic Management Plan
" This inaugural Strategic Management Plan provides an executive overview of the governance and management framework and processes used by the Deputy Secretary, serving as Chief Management Officer, to deliver effective and efficient support to the warfighter."

Section 904 Implementation Plan
" This report on the implementation of National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008, § 904 "Management of the Department of Defense," presents the consensus recommendations of the Department's senior management team on the assignment of duties for the Chief Management Officer (CMO), the Deputy Chief Management Officer (DCMO), and the Military Department CMOs, as well as summarizing the Department's inaugural Strategic Management Plan."

Tuesday, July 29, 2008

Rand report in the news --"How Terrorist Groups End"

This just released Rand report has been in the news a lot today

How Terrorist Groups End: Lessons for Countering al Qa'ida
Abstract: All terrorist groups eventually end. But how do they end? The evidence since 1968 indicates that most groups have ended because (1) they joined the political process (43 percent) or (2) local police and intelligence agencies arrested or killed key members (40 percent). Military force has rarely been the primary reason for the end of terrorist groups, and few groups within this time frame have achieved victory. This has significant implications for dealing with al Qa'ida and suggests fundamentally rethinking post-9/11 U.S. counterterrorism strategy: Policymakers need to understand where to prioritize their efforts with limited resources and attention. The authors report that religious terrorist groups take longer to eliminate than other groups and rarely achieve their objectives. The largest groups achieve their goals more often and last longer than the smallest ones do. Finally, groups from upper-income countries are more likely to be left-wing or nationalist and less likely to have religion as their motivation. The authors conclude that policing and intelligence, rather than military force, should form the backbone of U.S. efforts against al Qa'ida. And U.S. policymakers should end the use of the phrase “war on terrorism” since there is no battlefield solution to defeating al Qa'ida.

PDF of report --
News release --
Congressional briefing --
Research brief --

Monday, July 28, 2008

FW: Report on al Qa'ida Foreign Fighters from the Combating Terrorism Center

The Combating Terrorism Center at West Point is pleased to announce the release of its second report of al-Qa'ida's foreign fighters in Iraq: Bombers, Bank Accounts, and Bleedout: al-Qa`ida's Road in and Out of Iraq. The report expands on an analysis of al-Qa'ida in Iraq personnel records conducted by the CTC in December 2007. The report can be accessed at:

New Raw Data

Bombers, Bank Accounts, and Bleedout not only expands on the analysis of the Sinjar Records conducted in the first report, it also introduces a host of new data, including:

  • Statistics on the exact number and nationality of foreign fighters held by the US at Camp Bucca in Iraq.
  • Contracts signed by AQI's foreign suicide bombers
  • Contracts signed by AQI fighters entering and leaving Iraq
  • Accounting sheets signed by various fighters that indicate funding sources and expenditures
  • Several narratives describing AQI’s network in Syria, personnel problems, and ties to Fatah al-Islam in Lebanon
  • Weapons reports, etc.


The report has several major new findings:

  • Foreign Fighters were an important source of funds for AQI; Saudi Fighters contributed far more money than any other nationality
  • Far more Syrians and Egyptians are held at Camp Bucca than were listed in the Sinjar Records, which likely reflects the demographic shift away from those nationalities
  • Approximately 75% of suicide bombings in Iraq between August 2006 and August 2007 can be attributed to fighters listed in the Sinjar Records.
  • “Bleedout” of fighters from Iraq is occurring, but in relatively small numbers. Nonetheless, these individual fighters will likely be well-trained and very dangerous. The primary threat from these fighters is to Arab states, Af-Pak, and perhaps Somalia.
  • Smuggling of all kinds across the Syrian/Iraqi border has long been linked to corruption in both Syria and Iraq, which limits both government’s ability to crackdown.
  • Fighters that contributed money to AQI were more likely to become suicide bombers.

Friday, July 25, 2008

Cost of Major U.S. Wars

"Costs of Major U.S. Wars," Congressional Research Service, July 24, 2008

FAS Project on Government Secrecy Volume 2008, Issue No. 73 July 25, 2008

U.S. military spending on the war in Iraq has nearly matched the cost of the war in Vietnam, according to a new Congressional Research Service analysis of the financial costs of wars throughout U.S.history. And total post-9/11 U.S. military spending has exceeded the cost of Vietnam by a considerable margin.

The ongoing war in Iraq has incurred an estimated $648 billion to date, and total post-9/11 military spending including the Iraq War, Afghanistan and other terrorism-related military expenditures has reached $859 billion, the CRS reported.

The Vietnam War (1965-1975) cost an estimated $686 billion in 2008 dollars, the CRS said.

The total cost of the American Revolution (1775-1783) was $101 million, or about $1.8 billion in 2008 dollars.

The cost of World War II (1941-1945) was about $4.1 trillion in 2008 dollars, and consumed a massive 35.8% of gross domestic product. The Iraq war represents 1% of GDP today.

These estimates include various caveats and limitations spelled out by CRS.

"All estimates are of the costs of military operations only and do not include costs of veterans benefits, interest paid for borrowing money to finance wars, or assistance to allies," the CRS report indicated.

"Comparisons of costs of wars over a 230 year period... are inherently problematic," the new report cautioned.

Friday's Miscellany 07-25-2008

American Enterprise Institute
· America and the War on Terror,pubID.22819/pub_detail.asp
· Possible Extension of the UN Mandate for Iraq: Options,pubID.28373/pub_detail.asp
· Public Opinion on the War with Iraq,pubID.22142/pub_detail.asp
· What Does China's Growth Portend for Latin America?,pubID.28366/pub_detail.asp

· Iran Update No. 122 - 24 July 2008

Brookings Institute
· Engaging the Muslim World: A Communication Strategy to Win the War of Ideas

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
· Party for Justice and Development in Morocco: Participation and Its Discontents

Center for American Progress
· Relief from High Oil Prices: Testimony Before the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming
· Seeking Justice for Zimbabwe

Center for a New American Security (CNAS)
· Strategic Leadership: Framework for a 21st Century National Security Strategy

Center for Security Policy
· Iran in Latin America [The Americas Report, v. 4, no. 30, July 24, 2008],%202008.pdf

Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)
· Commentary: Afghanistan: The Problem is Far More than Troop Levels By Anthony H. Cordesman
· Commentary: On Energy Independence By Frank Verrastro
· Government Open Source Policies
· NAFTA Revisited: How to Proceed
· US Troop Levels And Iraqi Perceptions of the US
· US Troop Withdrawals from Iraq: How Ready are Iraqi Forces?
· Western Investment in Central and Eastern Europe:
· Incentives, Constraints, Contexts

Commission to Assess the Threat to United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack
· Report of the Commission to Assess the Threat to United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack: Critical National Infrastructure.
· Testimony before the House Armed Services Committee

Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
· CBO's Estimate of Cost of the Administration's Proposal to Authorize Federal Financial Assistance for the Government-Sponsored Enterprises for Housing
· Evidence on the Costs and Benefits of Health Information Technology (testimony)

Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)
· Angola’s Political and Economic Development
· Confronting Climate Change: A Strategy for U.S. Foreign Policy
· The Soft Power Surge
· Will Deal With Iran Be Worked Out?

Department of Health and Human Services/Department of Homeland Security
· Guidance on Allocating and Targeting Influenza Vaccine

Department of Homeland Security Inspector General
· OIG-08-48 - Challenges Remain In Executing the Department of Homeland Security’s Information Technology Program For Its Intelligence System
· OIG-08-71 - Management of Department of Homeland Security International Activities and Interests

Director of National Intelligence
· Vision 2015: A Globally Networked and Integrated Intelligence Enterprise

EastWest Institute
· Promoting Media Responsibility in Countering Violent Extremism

Government Accountability Office (GAO)
· Agencies Believe Strengthening International Agreements to Improve Collection of Antidumping and Countervailing Duties Would Be Difficult and Ineffective
· Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation Security Programs
· Cayman Islands: Business Advantages and Tax Minimization Attract U.S. Persons and Enforcement Challenges Exist
· Cayman Islands: Business and Tax Advantages Attract U.S. Persons and Enforcement Challenges Exist
· Cayman Islands: Review of Cayman Islands and U.S. Laws Applicable to U.S. Persons' Financial Activity in the Cayman Islands, (GAO-08-1028SP), an E-supplement
· Defense Infrastructure: Services' Use of Land Use Planning Authorities
· Developing Countries: U.S. Financing for Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative Currently Experiencing a Shortfall
· Government Performance: 2007 Federal Managers Survey on Performance and Management Issues
· Government Performance: Lessons Learned for the Next Administration on Using Performance Information to Improve Results
· Highway Public-Private Partnerships: Securing Potential Benefits and Protecting the Public Interest Could Result from More Rigorous Up-front Analysis
· Influenza Pandemic: Federal Agencies Should Continue to Assist States to Address Gaps in Pandemic Planning
· Information Sharing: Definition of the Results to Be Achieved in Terrorism-Related Information Sharing Is Needed to Guide Implementation and Assess Progress
· Information Sharing Environment: Definition of the Results to Be Achieved in Improving Terrorism-Related Information Sharing Is Needed to Guide Implementation and Assess Progress
· Nuclear Material: DOE Needs to Take Action to Reduce Risks Before Processing Additional Nuclear Material at the Savannah River Site's H-Canyon
· Public Transportation: Improvements Are Needed to More Fully Assess Predicted Impacts of New Starts Projects
· Securing, Stabilizing, and Rebuilding Iraq: Progress Report: Some Gains Made, Updated Strategy Needed
· State Department: Comprehensive Strategy Needed to Improve Passport Operations

Heritage Foundation
· Economic Freedom as a Human Right
· India Wins Big Bet on U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Deal
· Mexico, Drug Cartels, and the Merida Initiative: A Fight We Cannot Afford to Lose
· The Russia-Venezuela Axis: Using Energy for Geopolitical Advantage

Human Rights Watch
· Appeasing China: Restricting the Rights of Tibetans in Nepal

International Crisis Watch
· Taliban Propaganda: Winning the War of Words?
· Venezuela: Political Reform or Regime Demise?

International Relations and Security Network
· Argentina: A Crisis of Riches
· Britain Adrift
· Nigeria: Tension over Bakassi Peninsula
· Security and the Other Tri-border
· Serbia: Karadzic Capture Lifts EU Dreams

Jamestown Foundation
China Brief
Volume 8, Issue 15 (July 17, 2008)
· "PLA Deploys S-300 PMU3/Dongfeng-15A Surface to Air Missiles"
· "Beijing Revives Mao's “People's Warfare” to Ensure Trouble Free Olympics"
· "The Evolution of Espionage: Beijing’s Red Spider Web"
· "Taiwan’s Defense Budget Dilemma: How Much is Enough in an Era of Improving Cross-Strait Relations?"
· "The New Rules of Cross-Strait Economic Engagement"
Terrorism Monitor
July 25, 2008 – Volume VI, Issue 15
· "The Pakistan Frontier Corps in the War on Terrorism – Part One"
· "Empowering “Soft” Taliban Over “Hard” Taliban: Pakistan’s Counter-Terrorism Strategy"
· "PKK Kidnappings an Isolated Initiative or a New European Strategy?"
· "The Global Repercussions of Nigeria’s Niger Delta Insurgency"

John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
· Information Galaxy: Intelligence Study on Security and Defense –Case of Potential terrorism at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games

Middle East Institute (MEI)
· Affirming the Saudi Will to Power: Domestic Challenges to King ‘Abdullah
· Countering the Negative Image of Arab Women in the Arab Media: Toward a "Pan Arab Eye" Media Watch Project
· Water and Conflict in the Middle East

Office of the Director of National Intelligence
· MOA between DOD CIO and ONDI CIO Establishing Net-Centric Software Licensing Agreements for Information Sharing Technologies.

PARAMETERS US Army War College Quarterly
Summer 2008, Vol. XXXVIII, No. 2
· “Reflections on Leadership” by Robert Gates “Aligning “Soft” with “Hard” Power” by Henrietta Holsman Fore “Theory of Victory” by J. Boone Bartholomees
· “Waging Communication War” by Kenneth Payne “Making Revolutionary Change: Airpower in COIN Today” by Charles J. Dunlap, Jr.
· “Collaborative Strategic Planning and Action: A New Approach” by Fred T. Krawchuk
· “With Friends Like These: Grievance, Governance, and Capacity-Building in COIN” by Robert M. Chamberlain
· “Retiring Hitler and “Appeasement” from the National Security Debate” by Jeffrey Record
· “Lost for Words: The Intelligence Community’s Struggle to Find its Voice” by Josh Kerbel

Pew Global Attitudes Project
· The 2008 Pew Global Attitudes Survey in China: The Chinese Celebrate Their Roaring Economy, as They Struggle with its Costs Near Universal Optimism About Beijing Olympics

· Allocation of Forces, Fires, and Effects Using Genetic Algorithms
· Ensuring That Army Infrastructure Meets Strategic Needs

T Boone Pickens Wind Plan
· Website
· Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs committee testimony Energy Security: An American Imperative
· Related DOE report – 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy’s Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply

Transportation Research Board (TRB)
· The Role of Transit in Emergency Evacuation
· Scanning the Home Front for Transportation’s Best Practices: Program Facilitates State Agency Exchange of Information, Technology

US Climate Change Science Program
· Analyses of the Effects of Global Change on Human Health and Welfare and Human Systems – final Report of Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.6
· Main website

US Institute of Peace
· Iraq: Positive Change in the Detention System
· Killing Friends, Making Enemies: The Impact and Avoidance of Civilian Casualties in Afghanistan

Washington Institute for Near East Policy
· Can Lebanon's March 14 Reverse the Tide?
· Confronting the Challenge of Iran: Comprehensive Solutions for a Comprehensive Threat

World Security Institute
Arab Insights Quarterly Journal
v. 2, no. 2, Summer 2008
· "Emerging Financial & Economic Trends
· "Gulf Investments in the United States: Unwelcome Money"
· "Islamic Banking: Myths and Facts"
· "Egyptian Islamists and Nonviolence: Views from a Prison Cell"
· "China in the Middle East: Perspectives from the Arab World"
· "Arabs and the 2008 Election: Hopes and Predictions"

Thursday, July 24, 2008

EMP Commission report

The Commission to Assess the Threat to United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack has released their latest report and it can be found along with related information at their website --

Report of the Commission to Assess the Threat to United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack: Critical National Infrastructure can be found at

The EMP Commission was established pursuant to title XIV of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-345).
Duties of the EMP Commission include assessing:

  • the nature and magnitude of potential high-altitude EMP threats to the United States from all potentially hostile states or non-state actors that have or could acquire nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles enabling them to perform a high-altitude EMP attack against the United States within the next 15 years;
  • the vulnerability of United States military and especially civilian systems to an EMP attack, giving special attention to vulnerability of the civilian infrastructure as a matter of emergency preparedness;
  • the capability of the United States to repair and recover from damage inflicted on United States military and civilian systems by an EMP attack; and
  • the feasibility and cost of hardening select military and civilian systems against EMP attack.

Tuesday, July 22, 2008

REPORT - "Vision 2015: A Globally Networked and Integrated Intelligence Enterprise"

The Intelligence Community has released it new report "Vision 2015: A Globally Networked and Integrated Intelligence Enterprise."

According to the excerpt "Vision 2015 expands upon the notion of an Intelligence Enterprise, first introduced in the National Intelligence Strategy and later in the 100 and 500 Day Plans. It charts a new path forward for a globally networked and integrated Intelligence Enterprise for the 21st century, based on the principles of integration, collaboration, and innovation."

The report can be found at or from

The other previous reports include:

Information Sharing Strategy

Data Mining Report

100 Day Plan

100 Day Plan follow Up

500 Day Plan
status updates - day 100 --
status updates - day 200 --
status updates - day 300 --

Friday, July 18, 2008

Friday's Miscellany 07-18-2008

Brookings Institute
· Should the International Monetary Fund Do Surveillance?

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
· The New Arab Diplomacy: Not With the U.S. and Not Against the U.S.
· North Korea Hands Over Nuclear Details

Center for American Progress
· The Cost of Reaction: The Long-Term Costs of Short-Term Cures

Center for Security Policy
· The New Battlefield in Latin America,%202008.pdf

Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)
· Assessing Chinese Government Response to the Challenge of Environment and Health
· Closing Guantánamo: From Bumper Sticker to Blueprint
· Earth Observations and Global Change: Why? Where Are We? What Next?
· The Ongoing Lessons of Armed Nation Building In Afghanistan and Iraq
· U.S. and Chinese Engagement in Africa: Prospects for Improving U.S.-China-Africa Cooperation
· U.S.-Russia Relations: Facing Reality Pragmatically

Combating Terrorism Center
· CTC Sentinel v. 1, no. 8, July 2008
o "Why Terrorists Quit: Gaining from Al-Qa`ida's Losses" by Michael Jacobsen
o "An Ideological and Operational Threat: Abu`Amr/Shayk`Isa" by Erich Marquardt and Abdul Hameed Bakier
o "Indonesia's Approach to Jihadist Deradicalization" by Kristen E. Schulze
o "The High Stakes Battle for the Future of Musa Qala" by David C. Isby
o "Al-Qa`ida Seeking to Recruit African-American Muslims" by Cadets Benjamin Haas and Daniel McGrory
o "Propaganda and Peace Deals: The Taliban's Information War in Pakistan" by Arthur Keller
o "Uncovering Extremist Violence in Morocco" by Alison Pargeter
o "After Action Report: Nuanced Diplomacy in Zerok, Afghanistan" by Captain John C. Gibson, U.S. Army

Congress. House Oversight Committee
· Committee Continues Investigation of Widespread Electrical Problems in Iraq
· Misleading Information from the Battlefield: The Tillman and Lynch Episodes
· Various reports/documents related to the Tillman report

Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
· How Changes in the Value of the Chinese Currency Affect U.S. Imports
· Increasing the Value of Federal Spending on Health Care
· Long-Term Effects of Indexing the Alternative Minimum Tax and Extending the Tax Reductions of 2001 and 2003

Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)
· As Afghanistan Roils, Pakistan Draws Heat
· Iran's Nuclear Program
· Meltdown Risk, Revisited
· Securing Pakistan's Tribal Belt

Department of Defense Inspector General (DODIG)
· 08-086 Challenges Impacting Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom Reported by Major Oversight Organizations Beginning FY 2003 through 2007
· D-2008-104 DoD Implementation of Homeland Security Presidential Directive-12

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
· Bank Crime Statistics

Government Accountability Office (GAO)
· Air Traffic Control: FAA Uses Earned Value Techniques to Help Manage Information Technology Acquisitions, but Needs to Clarify Policy and Strengthen Oversight
· Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration May Face Resource and Other Challenges in Developing a System to Screen All Cargo Transported on Passenger Aircraft
· Biosurveillance: Preliminary Observations on Department of Homeland Security's Biosurveillance Initiatives
· Broadcasting to Cuba: Weaknesses in Contracting Practices Reduced Visibility into Selected Award Decisions
· Defense Space Activities: DOD Needs to Further Clarify the Operationally Responsive Space Concept and Plan to Integrate and Support Future Satellites
· Emergency Management: GAO Responses to Post-hearing Questions for the Record
· Emergency Preparedness: States Are Planning for Medical Surge, but Could Benefit from Shared Guidance for Allocating Scarce Medical Resources
· Export-Import Bank: Performance Standards for Small Business Assistance Are in Place but Ex-Im Is in the Early Stages of Measuring Their Effectiveness
· Food Insecurity Persists in Sub-Saharan Africa despite Efforts to Halve Hunger by 2015
· Food Safety: Selected Countries' Systems Can Offer Insights into Ensuring Import Safety and Responding to Foodborne Illness
· Force Structure: Preliminary Observations on the Progress and Challenges Associated with Establishing the U.S. Africa Command
· Gulf Opportunity Zone: States Are Allocating Federal Tax Incentives to Finance Low-Income Housing and a Wide Range of Private Facilities
· Hurricane Katrina: Trends in the Operating Results of Five Hospitals in New Orleans before and after Hurricane Katrina
· Los Alamos National Laboratory: Long-Term Strategies Needed to Improve Security and Management Oversight
· National Flood Insurance Program: Financial Challenges Underscore Need for Improved Oversight of Mitigation Programs and Key Contracts
· Nuclear Detection: Preliminary Observations on the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office's Efforts to Develop a Global Nuclear Detection Architecture
· Nuclear Security: NRC and DHS Need to Take Additional Steps to Better Track and Detect Radioactive Materials
· Nuclear Weapons: Views on NNSA's Proposal to Transform the Nuclear Weapons Complex
· Personnel Clearances: Questions for the Record Regarding Security Clearance Reform
· Rapid Acquisition of Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles

Heritage Foundation
· Combating Terrorism in Pakistan: Going on the Offensive
· Congressional Oversight of Homeland Security in Dire Need of Overhaul
· Economic Freedom and the African Growth and Opportunity Act
· Grants Should Not Be the Pork to Feed State Homeland Security Spending
· How Rising Gas Prices Hurt American Households
· In Defense of Liberty: The Relationship Between Security and Freedom
· Indonesia Holds Up ASEAN Charter Ratification for Burmese People
· North Korea Denuclearization Requires Rigorous Verification System
· Oil Speculators: A Marginal (at Best) Cause of High Energy Prices
· Zimbabwe’s Enabler: How Chinese Arms Keep Mugabe in Power

Hudson Institute
· Saudi Arabia's Curriculum of Intolerance

Human Rights Watch
· “Being Neutral is Our Biggest Crime” Government, Vigilante, and Naxalite Abuses in India’s Chhattisgarh State
· Courting History: The Landmark International Criminal Court’s First Years

Information Sharing Environment (ISE)
· Annual Report to the Congress on the Information Sharing Environment (June 2008)

Institut für Strategie- Politik- Sicherheits- und Wirtschaftsberatung (ISPSW)
· A New Market Takes Shape [This paper examines developments in networked security operations and aerial drones]

International Crisis Watch
· The New Lebanese Equation: The Christians’ Central Role
· New ICC Prosecution: Opportunities and Risks for Peace in Sudan
· Reforming Pakistan’s Police
· Ruling Palestine II: The West Bank Model?

International Relations and Security Network
· Bosnia: Corruption Watchdog Under Fire
· Lebanon Deal Eases Tensions
· Mexico Infiltrated
· Sudan and the ICC: A Guide

National Institute of Justice
· Policing in Arab-American Communities After September 11
· NIJ Journal No. 260, July 2008
o A Look at Terrorist Behavior: How They Prepare, Where They Strike by Brent Smith
o Interagency Coordination: A Case Study of the 2005 London Train Bombings by Kevin J. Strom, and Joe Eyerman
o 'Internationalizing' Criminal Justice Research by Philip Bulman

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
· Best Practices to Address Community Gang Problems

· Does America Need A New Grand Strategy?
· Effectively Sustaining Forces Overseas While Minimizing Supply Chain Costs: Targeted Theater Inventory · Sustaining Key Skills in the UK Naval Industry

Refugees International
· U.S. Civil-Military Imbalance for Global Engagement: Lessons from the Operational Level in Africa

Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)
· Civil-Military Relations in a Post-9/11 World
· Key Strategic Issues List, July 2008

US Institute of Peace
· Zimbabwe's Electoral Violence

Washington Institute for Near East Policy
· Determinants of a U.S. Drawdown
· Drug Trafficking and Middle Eastern Terrorist Groups: A Growing Nexus?
· Hizballah's Military Wing Under Pressure Despite Political Gains
· Saudi Arabia: Interfaith Talks Abroad, Intolerance at Home
· The Way Back from Islamism

Monday, July 14, 2008

Friday's miscellany 07-11-2008

American Enterprise Institute
· Iran and the Problem of Evil
· Private Sector and Public Sector Malaria Treatment in Africa

American Foreign Policy Council
· Responding to China in Africa

Amnesty International
· Guantánamo Military Commission Hearings Resume
· Migrants Face Illegal Arrest in Mauritania
· Military Judge Warns 9/11 Accused of Disadvantages of Self-Representation

· Afghanistan Update

Brookings Institute
· China’s Fifth Generation: Is Diversity a Source of Strength or Weakness?
· Iraq, Afghanistan and Beyond
· The Middle Eastern Marriage Crisis
· Tajikistan: Progress and Problems at the Heart of Central Asia
· What Did the G8 Summit Achieve? Progress or Stalemate?
· What is the Role of Courts in Making Social Policy?

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
· Arab Reform Bulletin: July 2008
· China’s Economic Rise—Fact and Fiction
· A Nonproliferation Disaster,zsa

Center for a New American Security (CNAS)
· Diplomatic Strategies for Dealing with Iran: How Tehran Might Respond

Center for Defense Information (CDI)
· Chinese ASAT Test: A Breach of International Law?
· UN Holds Small Arms Conference: United States is Absent

Center for Security Policy
· Congress, Free the Hostage
· Islamists' Catch-22

Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)
· The Afghan-Pakistan War: A Status Report (2nd ed.)
· Another Long, Hot Summer in Ankara
· Commentary: A Second Cluster Munitions Treaty?
· The Iraq War: Key Trends and Developments (2nd ed.)

Center for European Reform
· The CER Guide to the French Presidency
Combat Studies Institute
· The United States Army in Operation Iraqi Freedom, May 2003-January 2005: On Point II: Transition to the New Campaign

Committee on the Present Danger
· The Islamic Republic Takes on the Internet: Iranian Bloggers Under Fire
Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
· Investing in Infrastructure

Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)
· The ISI and Terrorism: Behind the Accusations

Department of Defense (DOD)
· Cluster Munitions Policy

EastWest Institute
· Countering Violent Extremism: Beyond Words

Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI)
· Maintaining the American Strategic Advantage

Government Accountability Office (GAO)
· Afghanistan Reconstruction: Progress Made in Constructing Roads, but Assessments for Determining Impact and a Sustainable Maintenance Program Are Needed
· Air Force Procurement: Aerial Refueling Tanker Protest
· Army Working Capital Fund: Actions Needed to Reduce Carryover at Army Depots
· Federal Records: National Archives and Selected Agencies Need to Strengthen E-Mail Management
· Initial Results on Availability of Terrorism Insurance in Specific Geographic Markets
· State and Local Government Pension Plans: Current Structure and Funded Status
· Surface Transportation: Principles Can Guide Efforts to Restructure and Fund Federal Programs
· Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Performance Management and Strengthen Oversight of the High-Cost Program
· Telecommunications: Survey of State Regulatory Commissions
· VA Health Care: Ineffective Controls over Medical Center Billings and Collections Limit Revenue from Third-Party Insurance Companies

Heritage Foundation
· The 2008 Index: How to Escape the "Curse of Oil"
· Colombia v. Venezuela: An Endgame for the FARC?
· Congress Should Not Permit Negative GAO Report to Curtail Weapons Programs
· Europe and Israel: Strengthening the Partnership
· "A Glorious Mess": EPA Notice Would Have Dramatic Impact on U.S. Military
· Iranian Missile Tests Boost International Tensions and Proliferation Concerns

Human Rights Watch
· "As If I Am Not Human": Abuses against Asian Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia
· China’s Forbidden Zones: Shutting the Media out of Tibet and Other "Sensitive" Stories
· Preempting Justice: Counterterrorism Laws and Procedures in France
· Still Waiting: Bringing Justice for War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity, and Genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Cantonal and District Courts

International Crisis Watch
· Failed Responsibility: Iraqi Refugees in Syria, Jordan and Lebanon
· Indonesia: Implications of the Ahmadiyah Decree

International Relations and Security Network
· Afghanistan: State of Siege
· The Case for Israel's Full NATO Membership
· Chasing Iraqi Oil
· France's Ambitious, Uncertain Security Policy
· Russian Ships at the Mercy of Pirates
· Zimbabwe: Tsvangirai Facing Critical Choices

National War Powers Commission
· National War Powers Commission Report
Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life
· Organized Religion's Role in the Military

· Europe's Role in Nation-Building: From the Balkans to the Congo
· Iran's Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities
· Options for Meeting the Maintenance Demands of Active Associate Flying Units
· Sources of Weapon System Cost Growth: Analysis of 35 Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Stanley Foundation
· Surveying the Civilian Reform Landscape

Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)
· Expand the U.S. Military? Not So Fast

US Institute of Peace
· In the Field: Promoting Rule of Law in Liberia
· Integrated Security Assistance: The 1207 Program · North Korea's Nuclear Moves

US Marine Corps (USMC)
· Marine Corps Vision & Strategy 2025

Washington Institute for Near East Policy
· The Last Resort: Consequences of Preventive Military Action against Iran
· Strengthening the Partnership: How to Deepen U.S.-Israel Cooperation on the Iranian Nuclear Challenge

Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control
· Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran - New Sanctions and New Incentives